Instructions for Completing the Final Manuscript
One copy of the final version of the paper should be formatted in Microsoft Word or Latex. Do not use pdf (.pdf) or postscript (.ps and .eps) formats for source files. Two copies of the paper should be in PDF format, one copy should be clean and one highlighted, where changes were made in response to editors’ comments. The highlighted file should be designated as a Supporting Document during the file upload.
Please include a file with a statement addressing how each of the reviewer’s comments were addressed. This file should be designated as a Supporting Document during the file upload.
A manuscript should be typed double-spaced or in IEEE format, including the reference section. The manuscript should conform to IEEE Transactions style regarding numbering of sections, writing and numbering of equations, and form of references. Please be sure to use the IEEE standard reference style. Please double-check your references for accuracy. Errors in reference listings are very common. If you only replicate references from secondary sources, you may well contribute to the escalation of these errors. References should be listed alphabetically, or in the order of their use in the manuscript, and numbered. Arabic numbers enclosed by square brackets, i.e. , should be used to cite references. Complete reference information, including publication date, and volume and number, should
always be provided. Please make a special effort to insure correctness of these. Please refer to the style manual in the IEEE Author Digital Tool Box for more information.
Especially if your paper has been revised, check to see that the equations, figures and tables are still in consecutive numerical order. All figures must be cited in consecutive order in text.
All figures and tables should be identified. Tables are treated as artwork. High quality, camera ready figures and/or
tables are necessary. If not embedded in the source file, figure files, illustrations and tables should have a separate
section and should be listed separately, one per page, with a separate caption page. If you include separate graphics
files for illustrations, only TIFF (.tif), Postscript (.ps) and Encapsulated Postscript (.eps) formats are acceptable.
For vectors and matrices, use boldface type which may be indicated by a wavy (or straight) underline in the
manuscript. Notation under symbols can be set in type; however, notation can be set above symbols if required.
Symbols should be clearly identified, if necessary, by a separate sheet of instructions for the typesetter. Clear
distinction must be made between the following: capital and lower case letters; zero and letter “O”; the lower
case “l” and the number one, and the prime sign; the letters “k” and kappa, “u” and mu, “v” and nu, “n” and eta;
the multiplication cross and the lower case “x”. Care should be observed when using the solidus (slant), vertical
bar, and radical sign. All abbreviations and acronyms must be defined when first mentioned.
Please include a separate page listing all footnotes except those on the title page.
Research support and grants should appear in a footnote at the beginning of the paper, if appropriate.
Include a brief professional biography and head and shoulder photo of each author enclosed (not for technical correspondences).
Please note that the proper time to write your paper is before you receive galley proofs, not after! Please do not
rewrite your paper when you receive galleys. We must now bill authors for excessive alterations in galley proofs.
Please treat your forthcoming galley proofs as a priority item and return them promptly. Always keep the
editor informed of your current address.
Be sure that you understand the rules governing overlength page charges as described in the Information for Authors.
We must obtain a copy of the copyright release form in order to be able to publish your paper.
A copy of the Author’s Checklist must be completed and returned with the final manuscript.
Publication costs continue to escalate. You can do your part by submitting high quality papers and by observing